A Record (Address Record)
- An entry in your DNS table (zone file) that maps each domain
name (e.g. you.com) or subdomain (e.g. abc.you.com) to an IP
Address. In other words, the A record specifies the IP address
to which the user would be sent for each domain name. For
example, you can have abc.you.com point to one IP address, and
xyz.you.com point to a different IP address.
Access [Microsoft] - Microsoft Access (usually
abbreviated as MS Access) is an easy-to-use program for
creating and maintaining databases. The Access database driver
for online databases is often supported by webhosts using the
NT hosting platform.
Anonymous FTP - A method for allowing the public to
download files using FTP (File Transfer Protocol) so that they
don't have to identify themselves. Usually the username
"anonymous" should be used, and either the password
is provided by the FTP server, or anything may be used as the
Applet - A small Java program which is cross-platform
compatible and can be embedded in the HTML of a webpage. Web
browsers, which are usually equipped with Java virtual
machines, can run the applets to perform interactive graphics,
games, calculators, etc. "Applets" differ from
"Java applications" in that they are more secure --
they can't access certain resources on the local computer,
such as hard drives, modems, and printers; and they can only
make an Internet connection to the computer from which the
applet was sent.
ASP - Abbreviation for "Active Server Pages".
ASP is a server-side scripting language. ASP commands are
embedded within HTML documents (with .asp extension) to
provide dynamic content. ASP is often supported by webhosts
using a NT server.
Backbone - A "large" transmission line (or
series of connections) that forms a major pathway within a
network, and carries data gathered from smaller lines that
interconnect with it. The term is relative -- a backbone in a
small network can be much smaller than non-backbone lines in a
Bandwidth - The amount of data passing through a
connection over a given time. It is usually measured in bps
(bits-per-second) or Mbps.
Bit - Short for "binary digit". A bit is a
single digit number in base-2, or in other words, either a 0
or a 1.
bps - Abbreviation for "bits per second". It
is a measure of bandwidth. For example, a 28.8 modem can
transfer 28,800 bits per second.
Browser - A client software program which allows the
user to view and navigate through websites, and download or
upload files. The most commonly used browsers are Microsoft
Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator.
Byte - A set of bits (normally 8, but sometimes more)
that represent data, such as a single text character.
Catch-all Email Account - An email account which allows
any email of the form, email@example.com, to be
forwarded or placed into a single email address. For example,
firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org, will all
be sent to the same email address. Often hosts allow you to
also specify particular email addresses to be forwarded to
different email addresses, in addition to the catch-all email
which sends any other email address to one designated email
CGI - Abbreviation for "Common Gateway
Interface". This is an interface standard which provides
a method of executing a server-side program (script) from a
website to generate a webpage with dynamic content. Scripts
conforming to this standard may be written in any programming
language that produces an executable file, but are most often
written in Perl, Python, C, C++, or TCL.
chmod - Abbreviation for "change mode" -- a
UNIX command used by a file owner or administrator to change
the access permissions of files or directories in order to
read, write, or execute files.
CNAME Record (Canonical Name Record) - An entry in your
DNS table (zone file) that aliases a FQDN to another FQDN
(i.e. www.your-domain.com -> your-domain.com). In other
words, the CNAME record specifies another domain to which the
user would be redirected.
Cold Fusion - A scripting language for interfacing
databases and advanced web development. Cold Fusion supports
databases such as Microsoft Access, FoxPro, dBASE, and
cron - a Unix command for scheduling one or more
commands (collectively called a cron script or cron job) to be
automatically executed on the computer at a specified time(s),
usually periodically, such as emailing daily reports. Cron is
a daemon process, which means it runs continuously in the
background, waiting to run a specified operation at predefined
times or when specific events occur. crontab is a Unix command
that creates or modifies a file (called a crontab file) that
contains a cron table or list of Unix shell commands, each
having a specified time of execution by the operating system.
Domain name - The unique name which identifies an
Internet website. Domain names have two or more parts,
separated by periods (dots). www.webhostingreviewer.com is a
domain name. Also see the definition for FQDN (Fully Qualified
Domain Name System (DNS) - The way that nameservers
translate Internet domain names to the corresponding IP
Email Forwarding - An email service in which your email
is automatically sent (forwarded) from one or more email
address, to another (possibly several) specified email
address. "Unlimited email forwarding" may refer to:
(1) a catch-all email account; (2) the ability to specify any
number of email aliases (each of which may have a different
forwarding address); or (3) a combination of both.
Editor - Most free website providers provide a program
(editor) to edit the HTML code of webpages online.
"Basic" means you edit the HTML code directly in the
editor. "Advanced" means the editor will generate
the the web page for you after you make some selections, so
you never see the HTML code (good if you don't know HTML).
Encryption - Processing and altering data so only the
intended recipient can read or use it. The recipient of the
encrypted data must have the proper decryption key and program
to decipher the data back to its original form.
FFA - Abbreviation for "Free For All". FFA
refers to webpage scripts that automatically update a links
listing when someone submits their URL to it (usually in hopes
either someone will view the page and click on their link, or
search engines will index the page with their URL). These are
often submitted to by automated programs which submit to
hundreds of FFAs at a time. Often the FFA service requires the
submitter to give an email address, to which they send SPAM.
Fire Wall - A combination of software and hardware
which, for security purposes, separates a LAN into two or more
parts, or partially isolates a network from the Internet.
Forum - A script on a website with a submission form
that allows visitors to post messages on your website for
others to read. These messages are usually sorted within
discussion categories, or topics, chosen by the host, or
possibly the visitor. A forum is also called a " web
board" or a "message board".
FQDN (Fully Qualified Domain Name) - A complete domain
name consisting of a host, the second-level domain, and the
top-level domain. For example, www.webhostingreviewer.com is a
FQDN. www is the host; webhostingreviewer is the second-level
domain; and .com is the top level domain.
FrontPage [Microsoft] - A commercial, WYSIWYG, HTML
editor for creating, editing, managing, and uploading
websites. Some of the special features of the program (such as
a graphical counter, forms, database, etc.) require that the
website be uploaded to a server which supports Microsoft
FrontPage Extensions - Also called FrontPage server
extensions. These are a set of server-side scripts and
programs which enable users of Microsoft FrontPage to use its
special components (called Web Bots). The extensions can be
installed for Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS)
and on other Windows (usually Windows NT) and UNIX web
FTP - Abbreviation for "File Transfer
Protocol". FTP is an Internet standard for transferring
files over the Internet. FTP programs and utilities are used
to upload and download webpages, graphics, and other files
from your hard drive to a remote server which allows FTP
access. Two commonly used free FTP programs are WS_FTP and
Gigabyte (GB) -1024 Megabytes (MB), which is 2^30
bytes, or 1,073,741,824 bytes. It is sometimes used to refer
to 1000 Megabytes.
Guestbook - A "guest book" is a script on a
webpage with a form which allows website visitors to
"sign in" and leave comments or questions, which
optionally may or may not be viewed by other visitors.
Homepage - (1) The home page is the first web page that
is displayed after starting a web browser (such as Microsoft
Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator). (2) The home page
also refers to the intended beginning page of a website on the
Internet, usually given by default if the root domain is given
without specifying the file name (for example, the URL http://www.mbssb.com/
will load the home page for mbssb.com, in this case a file
Host - A computer located on a network that provides
file storage or services to other computers on the network.
Hosting - Every webpage, email, file, or online service
is stored ("hosted") on a computer (called a
"server") that is connected to the Internet.
.htaccess - This is the default name of a configuration
file that contains "server directives" (commands
known by the server) that tell the server how to behave. One
common use for an .htaccess file is to restrict access
(password-protection) to specific files or directories on the
Internet or intranet, or to specify a particular webpage to be
accessed when there the file requested by the browser is not
found (error 404).
HTML - Abbreviation for "HyperText Markup
Language". HTML is the coding language used to create
Hypertext documents (webpages) for use on the Internet. HTML
files are intended to be viewed using a browser such as
Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.
HTTP - Abbreviation for "HyperText Transport
Protocol". HTTP is the Internet protocol for transferring
hypertext files. It requires the host to use an HTTP server
program, and the viewer to use a HTTP client program (see
definition for "browser").
iHTML - Abbreviation for "inline html". iHTML
is a server-side programming language for developing dynamic
Internet content. For more info, see ihtml.com.
IP Number - Short for Internet Protocol Number. This is
a unique number consisting of 4 numbers, each between 0 and
255, separated by periods (e.g. 126.96.36.199). Every computer
that is connected to the Internet has a unique IP number to
identify it. The IP number is also called a "IP
address" or "dotted quad".
ISML - Short for InterShop Markup Language. ISML is a
set of scripting tags to generate dynamic web pages. ISML tags
are extensions of any tag-based language that conforms to SGML
standards. On servers which support this server-side scripting
language, such as all Community Architect cobranded webhosts,
you can use these tags to automatically include the contents
of another file, the current date and time, or a visitor
counter on a web page.
ISP - Abbreviation for "Internet Service
Provider". An ISP is an institution that provides access
to the Internet.
Java - A network-oriented programming language
developed by Sun Microsystems. It was specifically designed
for writing scripts, or programs, that can be safely
downloaded to any type of computer through the Internet and
immediately run without the fear of viruses or other damage to
your computer. By making use of small Java programs (called
"Applets"), webpages can include functions such as
calculators, animations, and interactive games.
that allows the use of dynamic content. In spite of the
similarity in name to Java, it is not closely related to Java.
Kbps - Abbreviation for "Kilobits per
second", which is 1000 bits per second. It is a measure
Kilobyte (KB) -1024 bytes (1024 is 2^10), but sometimes
used to refer to 1000 bytes.
Mbps - Abbreviation for "Millions of Bits Per
Second", or "MegaBits Per Second". It is a
measure of bandwidth.
Megabyte (MB) - 1024 kilobytes (KB). 1024 is 2^20
bytes, which is 1,048,576 bytes. A megabyte usually refers to
1,000,000 bytes when used to describe disk storage capacity
and transmission rates.
Message Board - A script on a website with a submission
form that allows visitors to post messages on your website for
others to read. These messages are usually sorted within
discussion categories, or topics, chosen by the host, or
possibly the visitor. A message board is also called a
"web board" or a "forum".
MP3 - Short for Mpeg Layer 3. MP3 is an audio
compression standard for encoding music. MP3 files have a file
MX record (eMail eXchanger) - An MX record is an entry
in your DNS table (zone file) that controls where email is
sent for the domain name.
MySQL - An Open Source Software relational database
management system which uses a subset of ANSI SQL (Structured
Name Server (Nameserver) - A program or computer that
translates names from one form into another. For example, a
Domain Name Server (also called a "host server")
performs the mapping of domain names to IP numbers.
Newsgroups - The name for discussion groups (forums) on
USENET. A newsgroup is a discussion about a particular subject
consisting of messages submitted by many users. Newsgroups may
be "moderated" by a designated person who decides
which postings to allow or delete, but most newsgroups are
OCx - Optical Carrier levels - Used to specify the
speed of fiber optic networks. The base rate (OC-1) is 51.84
Mbps. OC-2 runs at twice the base rate, OC-3 at three times
the base rate (155.52 Mbps), etc. Planned rates are: OC-1,
OC-3, OC-12 (622.08 Mpbs), OC-24 (1.244 Gbps), and OC-48
OC-3 - A network line which transmits 155.52 Mbps. This
is the size of the largest Internet backbone providers
networks. See OCx - Optical Carrier levels.
Perl - A server-side scripting language which is
commonly used to write CGI programs. Perl programs, or
"scripts", are text files which are parsed (run
through and executed) by a program called an
"interpreter" on the server.
PHP - A server-side scripting language. The PHP
commands, which are embedded in the web page's HTML, are
executed on the web server to generate dynamic HTML pages.
POP3 - Short for Post Office Protocol, Version 3 - A
set of rules (protocol) by which a client machine can retrieve
electronic mail from a mail server. The POP server ("post
office") holds the e-mail until the user can retrieve it
on their computer. POP3 does not provide for sending email,
which can be done via SMTP or other method. POP3 can be used
with or without SMTP, whereas the older POP2 standard requires
SMTP to send messages.
Here is a list of Free web space with Free POP3 Email Service.
Python - An interpreted, object-oriented programming
language. Python is copyrighted, but the source code is freely
available and open for modification and reuse.
RealAudio / RealVideo - A client-server software system
and file format by Real Networks that allows Internet users to
play audio and/or video-based multimedia content in real-time
as they are being downloaded (called "streaming
media"), instead of the user having to download the
complete file before being able to play it.
RealMedia - RealAudio and RealVideo formats are
collectively called RealMedia.
SMTP - Abbreviation for Simple Mail Transport Protocol.
SMTP is the main Internet protocol used to send email.
Spam - An inappropriate attempt to use email, USENET,
or another networked communications facility as if it was a
broadcast medium (which it isn't) by sending the same message
to numerous people who didn't ask for it. Many email services
have "spam filters" to help reduce the amount of
SSI - Abbreviation for "Server-Side
Includes". A server-side scripting language. SSI
scripting commands are embedded within a webpage and are
parsed and executed on the web server to generate dynamic HTML
pages. Common uses of SSI are to include files (e.g. a header
or footer file) that are used on multiple pages, or to show
the current date and time.
SSL - Abbreviation for Secure Sockets Layer. SSL is a
transaction security standard that provides data encryption,
server authentication, and message integrity. SSL is usually
used on sites that accept credit card numbers or other private
Subdomain - Sub-domains are domain names with the form,
anything.yourdomain.com. By definition, a subdomain should not
have the prefix of "www".
In order to access this domain with the "www" prefix
(i.e. www.anything.yourdomain.com), you would have to create a
"sub-third-level domain" with the prefix "www.anything".
T-1 - A leased-line connection to the Internet which
can transfer data at 1.544 Mbps. A T-1 line could transfer a
megabyte in less than 10 seconds if at maximum theoretical
capacity. A T-1 line contains 24 individual channels, each of
which can transfer data at 64 Kbps. Each of these 24 channels
can transfer voice or data traffic. Many telephone companies
will allow you to buy a portion of these individual channels,
called "fractional T-1 access". T-1 lines are also
called DS1 lines.
T-3 - A leased-line connection to the Internet which
can transfer data at 44.736 Mbps. It is used mainly by ISPs
(Internet Service Providers) connecting to the Internet
backbone. A T-3 line contains 672 individual channels, each of
which can transfer data at 64 Kbps. T-3 lines are also called
Telnet - An Internet protocol for accessing a remote
server on the Internet. When you log into the remote server
using a Telnet program, you receive a command line prompt for
the server that you can give commands to. Telnet is also known
as "remote login".
Terabyte - 1024 gigabytes (GB), but sometimes used to
refer to 1000 gigabytes.
Unlimited Web space - web space refers to data storage
space accessed via the Internet, usually used to host websites
and data files. "Unlimited web space" means just
that, no limits, and therefore is impossible -- all hard
drives have a maximum amount of storage space. Unfortunately
many hosts claim to offer this, although it is often qualified
in their terms of service (TOS) to be less.Here is a list of
free web space hosting companies claiming to offer Unlimited
URL - Abbreviation for "Uniform Resource
Locator" - The web address (location) of a website, file,
or resource on the Internet. For example, http://www.mbssb.com/
is a URL.
USENET - A worldwide system of discussion groups, only
part of which can be accessed through the Internet. USENET
contains well over 10,000 discussion areas, or forums, called
WAP - Short for Wireless Application Protocol - A
specification for a set of communication protocols that
standardizes the manner in which wireless devices (such as
mobile phones, pagers, two-way radios, radio transceivers,
smartphones, and communicators) are used for Internet access.
Web address - The location, or URL, of a website, file,
or resource on the Internet. For example, http://www.mbssb.com/
is a web address.
Web page - An HTML document which has its own web
address, or URL. The first page usually requested at a web
site is called the "home page". Using frames,
multiple pages (HTML files) can be viewed in a browser and
arranged in designated sections of the display screen at the
same time -- these can also collectively be called a "web
page". "Web page" is sometimes written as
Web server - (1) A computer program that serves the
requested files which form web pages to the client's browser.
(2) A web server can also refer to the computer that runs the
server software and holds the files for one or more websites.
Web site (or website) - A collection of interlinked web
pages with a related topic, usually under a single domain
name, which includes an intended starting file called a
"home page". From the home page, you can get to all
the other pages on the website. Also called a "web
Webspace (or web space) - Data storage space accessed
via the Internet, usually used to host websites and data
files. Also see the definition of Unlimited Webspace.
Whois - An Internet utility program that obtains
information (such as owner and contact info) about a Domain
name or IP number from the database of a domain name registry.
If the search result returns "No match", the domain
name is probably available, and you can apply to register it.
To search for a domain name across all registrars at once, you
can use BetterWhois.
WYSIWYG - An acronym for "What You See Is What You
Get". A WYSIWYG program is one that allows you to create
and edit a web page, text, or graphical user interface so that
you can see what the end result will look like while the
document is being created. WYSIWYG web page editors conceal
the markup language (HTML) so as to allow the user to think
entirely in terms of how the page should appear. Microsoft
FrontPage and Adobe PageMill are two common WYSIWYG editors.
XML (Extensible Markup Language) - a specification,
similar to HTML, developed by the World Wide Web Consortium
(W3C) for Web documents. XML contains markup symbols (tags) to
describe the contents of a page or file, but unlike HTML, the
markup symbols are unlimited and self-defining (i.e. designers
can create their own customized tags and tag definitions). XML
is a subset of SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language).
Zone file - A file on a nameserver that designates a
domain name with all of its associated subdomains, IP
addresses, and mail server. Parts of the zone file include the
A record, CNAME, and MX records. A zone file is also called a